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ADHD Medications and Treatments: What Are The Drugs and Alternative Options are Available

Posted by admin in ADHD Category. Reviewed and Updated: 16 November, 2018
ADHD treatment with medicine: what are the drugs, pills and medications. Smart Pill Wiki 6

The modern view on the problem of correcting the presentation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder provides for an integrated approach, including ADHD treatment options such drugs, ADHD pills and non stimulant ADHD medication, which in particular include behavior modification, psychotherapy, homeopathy, pedagogical and neuropsychological corrective techniques, etc.

Diagnosis of ADHD

First of all, parents who suspect such violations in their children, no matter what age it happens, should contact a neurologist and examine the child, because sometimes other, more serious diseases are hidden under the mask of ADHD. It is better to get tested in a specialized center where you can conduct a comprehensive diagnostic study, including electroencephalogram and special psychophysiological tests. This will allow an objective assessment of the functional activity of the brain and determine the degree of impairment in a child, i.e. to separate the “real” appearance of ADHD from the problems caused by defects in education or special traits of character and temperament.

Treatment for ADHD in children

Treatment for ADHD should be complex, include both drug therapy and psychological correction. Ideally, the child should be observed by both a neuropathologist and a psychologist, to feel the support of parents and their faith in a positive outcome of treatment. This support reinforces the skills that a child has in the process of ADHD medication.
Passionate controversy accompanies the use of ADHD drugs. In the United States, stimulants are used to treat symptoms, the most common of which is Ritalin. Thus, some experts are worried about their use by the World Health Organization, but a number of medical agencies insist on the efficacy and safety of stimulants and non stimulant ADHD medication.
Studies confirming the effectiveness of stimulants and the opposite works, demonstrating inefficiency, harmful ADHD medication side effects, as well as the risk of addiction to cocaine in adolescence in children who took stimulants for a long time.

Medication list of specific drugs for treating the main symptoms of ADHD in children and adults (attention deficit, hyperactivity, impulsivity):

  • Psychostimulants: Methylphenidate and its forms with the delayed release (Ritalin SR, Concerta, CBD);
  • New specific drug: Atomoxetine;

Drug therapy for Minimal Brain Dysfunction (do not have a pronounced effect on hyperactivity and impulsivity):

  • Nootropics and neurometabolic drugs (Nootropil, Nooklerin, Fenotropil, Phenibut, Pantogam);
  • Drugs affecting the metabolism of neurotransmitters in GM (Cortexin, Cerebrolysin, Semax);
  • Drugs affecting cerebral circulation: Cavinton, Instenon.

Drug therapy used to correct specific psychiatric problems (affective disorders, aggression, tics, and other mental disorders sometimes associated with ADHD).

ADHD treatment without medication:

  • Method of biofeedback;
  • Neuropsychological correction: various techniques aimed, in particular, at improving the interaction between the hemispheres of the brain.

Other Supplemental ADHD Care Techniques

Psychotherapy (as an addition to the main methods of treatment):

  • Individual, behavioral (behavior modification);
  • Group (play, art therapy, including, for example, dance therapy);
  • Family therapy;
  • Psychological training (self-confidence, communication skills, and for parents – training of parenting skills and parental competence).

Pedagogical correction (as an addition to the main methods of treatment):

  • Learning metacognitive strategies (how to learn, better organize your study);
  • Curricula focused on individual learning styles;
  • Learning styles – for children with visual, or auditory, or kinesthetic abilities.

Ineffective treatment methods and methods with unconfirmed efficacy:

  • Transcranial micropolarization (conflicting performance data);
  • Osteopathic treatment;
  • Diet therapy: Feingold diet (+ phosphate-, salicylate-, oxalate-reducing diets);
  • Diet therapy: Feingold diet (+ phosphate-, salicylate-, oxalate-reducing diets);
  • Vitamins (Neuromultivitis);
  • Nutritional supplements and dietary supplements (Omeganol, Glycine);
  • Homeopathic and herbal preparations drugs;
  • Reflexology.

Adult ADHD treatment

First of all, you should pay attention to preventive measures that can eliminate the individual manifestations of ADHD symptoms guidelines:

Do not sit still, exercise.
Walk more in nature.
Make a proper diet with a nutritionist.
Sleep 7-9 hours a day.
Relax. Do the meditation.
Communicate more with people.

The treatment of the disease itself can be divided into two types: alternative treatments for ADHD as psychotherapy and medications.
As for the psychotherapy, the psychotherapist individually selects methods based on the individual characteristics of the individual. Often, experts stop at individual cognitive or behavioral therapy. First of all, such methods are aimed at increasing the client’s self-esteem and self-assertion. Projective relaxation techniques are also used. Studies recommend engaging in meditation and yoga.

A psychotherapist helps a person to create his daily routine, and most importantly – to comply with it. The purpose of is to reduce the concentration of stressful situations, develop strategies to combat them. Of great importance is family therapy, where interpersonal issues are addressed, with which patients cannot cope on their own. In the labor sphere, a number of training are also used to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of work.

In general, for the treatment of an adult with ADHD use the same drugs as for the treatment of the child. The difference is in doses and frequency of medication. Psychostimulants, nootropic drugs are widely used to stimulate brain activity. Drug treatment of ADHD at any age should be prescribed exclusively by a specialist.

ADHD natural treatment

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends to exclude products with preservatives and artificial food dyes from the nutritional structure of children with ADHD, and some experts believe that any food additives should be avoided. The most important treatment for ADHD is behavioral therapies: for children, it is primarily applied behavioral analysis (Applied Behavior Analysis, ABA), for adolescents and young people, cognitive behavioral therapy (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy).
However, there are a number of procedures common to all patients with ADHD, in addition to doctor’s prescriptions.

Take a multivitamin. They help in learning and prevent chronic diseases. Regardless of the type of ADHD you have multivitamins and mineral supplements are recommended every day.

  • Supplement your diet with omega-3 fatty acids. It has been found that people with ADHD have a lack of omega-3 fatty acids in their blood. Especially important are two of them – eicosapentaenoic acid (EZPK) and docosahexaenoic acid (DZGK). Usually taking EZPK helps people with the disorder.
  • Eliminate caffeine and nicotine. They prevent sleep and reduce the effectiveness of other treatments.
  • Exercise regularly: at least 45 minutes 4 times a week.
  • No more than half an hour a day of watching TV, play video games, use a cell phone and other electronic devices.
  • Never shout on ADHD sufferers. Often they seek conflict or excitement as a means of stimulation. They can easily freak you out or make you angry. Do not lose composure with them. If such a person makes you explode, his low-energy frontal cortex is activated, and he unconsciously likes that. Never let your anger become someone’s medicine. This reaction is addictive on both sides.

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