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It just so happens that in our lives we think very little about the only thinking organ of our body – the brain. Our brain is the most important part in us that controls everything we do: how we breathe, walk, eat and sleep. It is the central processor of all organism functions, an organ that analyzes what we see and hear, inhale and feel. However, some of our daily habits can damage and destroy the brain power. Here’s what to avoid in order to keep our brain healthy. In this article, we will reveal what bad habits lead to severe problems.
Too much sugar
A large amount of sugar negatively influences the neurotrophic factor, responsible for producing neurons. Love for sweets, white flour products, greasy foods, and semi-finished foods and a low amount of fruits vegetables and fiber in the diet leads to the accumulation of harmful substances. Tumors development, the immune system damages, nutritional deficiencies are some consequences.
The results of clinical studies have shown that receptors susceptible to nicotine are involved in the pathogenesis of diseases of the brain and psyche. Among patients suffering from psychiatric disorders, smokers are mostly the majority. Among other things, heterocyclic amines, which are produced during smoking, interfere with DNA reproduction, that heads to mutations that cause cancer cells.
Shortage of sleep
It is the worst habit of all bad habits. A person needs 8 hours of bedtime so that the brain can rest, and update the cells. It is known that the brain is cleared of toxins during the deep sleep phase. At the same time, the absence of sleep effects of brain cell death, which directs to poor memory, fatigue. If you are in doubt whether you suffer from such a problem, check for yourself the lack of sleep symptoms: reduced performance, attention deficit, memory problems, frequent colds, idleness. And remember that lack of sleep effects on the brain is a serious reason to visit a doctor.
When we eat more of what we need, residual substances accumulate in our body in the form of fats, that results in atherosclerosis of the brain vessels. Binge eating is just as bad as poor eating habits.
Alcohol destroys organs, primarily the nervous system, liver, and heart, and also affects chemical reactions in the brain. Alcoholism kills nerve cells and slows down the rate of transmission of nerve impulses.
Stress has multiple results on the nervous system, reducing mental performance. In addition, it increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. Chronic stress not only adversely affects the size and structure of the brain, but also negatively affects heredity.
As stated in studies, the children who eat breakfast regularly perform much better at school, especially in the exact sciences. Those who do not eat in the morning, blood sugar level lowers. This leads to poor nutrition of the brain and causes its degeneration. If you do not supply the brain with energy, it begins to use reserves and will make additional efforts to function properly.
The abundance of fast food in the diet and constant overeating resentfully affect the contacts between the brain cells, and therefore, training and the formation of short- and long-term memory. In addition, the bad habits of eating junk food can be one of the causes of depression.
Mental workload during illness
If you get sick but continue working hard it will affect brain function in a negative way, reducing its effectiveness.
The brain is the largest consumer of oxygen in our body. Inhalation of polluted air reduces the supply of oxygen to the brain, weakens its efficiency. Breathing these toxic air can be compared to suffocation of the brain.
Idleness definition suggests doing nothing, and as scientist claim, it happens when a person works less than 3 hours a day. With a sedentary lifestyle, the risk of cardiovascular diseases increases significantly.
Loneliness and depression
Studies conducted on rodents have shown that after two weeks of isolation, the animals’ behavior changed. The outcomes of loneliness lead to the state, when mice showed fear, aggressiveness towards unfamiliar mice, and became particularly sensitive to threats. It is known that tachykinin neuropeptides are responsible for such reactions. According to scientists, there is also a system of various tachykinins in the human brain. Depression can reduce the size of the hippocampus – a region of the brain involved in the formation of emotions and retention. A decrease in the hippocampus is equivalent to a loss of emotional and behavioral function.
Effects of drug abuse on the brain are really terrific. They cause irreversible changes in the neurons and its work in general. The chemicals that enter the human body through injection, inhalation, smoking or orally, affect the system of connections of the brain and interfere with the paths of nerve impulses, through which the brain receives or processes information. Different drugs act differently due to their chemical structure. We know that there are at least two ways how drugs work in the brain. Substances such as marijuana or heroin have a chemical structure that mimics the natural work of neurotransmitters. In fact, they are deceiving our receptors and their defense in order to activate nerve cells. Notwithstanding, they do not work as natural neurotransmitters, and brain neurons send abnormal signals that cause not only the brain but the entire body as a whole to suffer. The abuse of most psychoactive drugs, including nicotine and caffeine, affects the functions of the “motivated brain behavior” system.
To stop the destruction and partially restore the work of the brain power is possible by increasing the neural connections. The creation and strengthening of these connections take place while training the cognitive capacities of the brain – attention, consciousness, thinking, speech. Broadening of mind, stimulation of thinking and cultural development contributes to the development of the brain and, as a result, increased intelligence. To stimulate considering there are many scientific methods.