In this article
What does ADHD mean?
The first thing people wonder about this disease is: what does ADHD stand for? Basic ADHD definition is the following: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder at the core of which lie a violation of the cortex and subcortical structures and which is characterized by a triad of signs: overactivity, attention scarcity, impulsivity. The CDC estimates that over 6.4 million (9%) of the young generation in the United States are diagnosed with it, making it the most commonly diagnosed mental disorder.
- The disease appeared more than 100 years ago. In 1848, German neuropathologist Heinrich Hoffmann described it in the book “Struwwelpeter”. And in 1902 English pediatrician George Tem in lectures spoke about the “defect of moral control in children.”
- Statistics say that in Great Britain there are 1–3% ill people, in Italy – 3–10%, in Australia – 7–10%.
- 12.9% of men are diagnosed with ADHD during their lifetime as compared to only 4.9% of women.
- 4% of adults have been diagnosed with this malady. But symptoms are persistent in about 60% of children diagnosed with it even after they grew up.
- It is not an idiosyncrasy, but a neurological-behavioral disorder.
Types of ADHD symptoms
ADHD symptoms fall under three types:
- Inattentive type
- Hyperactive/impulsive type
- Combined type
This is whereby the victim is not hyperactive or impulsive but portrays sufficient symptoms of negligence and/or easy distractibility. It is ADD.
Here the affected person can pay attention but is hyperactive and a hothead.
This entails the whole gamut of omens.
ADHD Signs in Children
To sufficiently comprehend that, we will cover them basing on the three types discussed above. Keep in mind that the combination ADHD draw symptoms from both the inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive type.
a) Inattentive symptoms
- Doesn’t like sitting still and keeps fidgeting or squirming
- Incapable of engaging in quiet games
- Blurt out answers
- Like interrupting others
b) Hyperactive-impulsive symptoms
- Easy distractibility
- Ability to pay attention or listen
- The tendency to lose things easily
- Unable to follow simple directions
- The tendency to daydream and never being in a hurry
- Incapable of accuracy and process information slowly
Combination signs of ADHD in children
Both types of symptoms are exhibited in combination ADHD. Combination ADHD interferes with the normal behavior of children, especially in school. A specific feature of the mental activity of hyperactive youth is cyclical. That means that the brain works productively for 5-15 minutes, and then accumulates energy for the next cycle for 3-7 minutes. At this moment, the child “falls out” and does not hear anyone. To remain conscious, such children need to constantly keep their vestibular apparatus in the activity — turn their heads, move, and spin. If the head and body are stationary, then the level of brain activity decreases.
Signs of ADHD in adults
- Low self-rating
- Chronic humdrum
- Problems with coworkers
- Most are ravine of addiction
- Misses obvious details and get distracted easily
- Jump from one task to another
- Relationship problems
- Mood swings
Difference between ADD and ADHD
Most people use ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder) interchangeably. However, as pointed out earlier, ADD is a form of ADHD. The only difference is that people with ADD are not hyperactive or impulsive as compared to those with ADHD. Instead, ADD patients exhibit the symptoms associated with the Inattentive ADHD.
Although children or adults have difficulties focusing it wouldn’t be right to assume that they are entirely incapable of paying attention. In fact, some of them may be hyper-focused on discussions or subjects they are passionate about.
Cause of ADHD in children
Studies on the main causes of ADHD are undergoing. However, researchers have linked the following factors to the development of the condition.
- Chemical imbalance in the brain
- Brain injuries, particularly damage to the frontal, or clinical brain disorders
- Certain types of toxins
- Poor nutrition and unhealthy lifestyle
- Smoking, drinking or abusing drugs during pregnancy may result in giving birth to newborns with the morbus
- General environmental degradation
- Infection of the mother during pregnancy and the effect of drugs during this period
- Immunological incompatibility (Rh factor)
- Threats of miscarriage
- Premature labor, cesarean section, birth injuries of the cervical spine, asphyxia, pelvic presentation, prolonged anhydrous period.
What is ADHD Treatment
There are not a known cure or prevention measures for ADHD. However, proper medication, therapy, and education plan can significantly help to manage symptoms in both age groups. Medicinal stimulants are mostly used in this case, as Ritain, Dextroamphetamine, Methylphenidate.
There are, however, some instances where these stimulants are not effective on some patients. In this case, prescription of non-stimulant medication such as Guanfacine, Atomoxetine, and Clonidine, is recommended for patients above 6 years of age. Omega-3 rich dietary supplements such as Vayarin, have also proved to be beneficial.
The chief purpose of ADHD therapy is to modify or control behavior. Some common therapeutic practices include:
- Psychotherapy. This involves the use of psychology to counsel ADHD patients. Psychologists also work with family members whose babies or adults suffer from ADHD so they can understand them better.
- Special education. Proper education plan for kids can help eliminate or positively change the symptoms.
- Behavioral therapy. This is an attempt to replace negative symptoms with positive behavior.
- Brain exercises can also help keep some ADHD symptoms in check.
- Social skills training–Helps ADHD patients to socialize better with others.
How to know if you have ADHD
Sometimes, you may exhibit signs of ADHD and you end up asking yourself, do I have ADHD? Although the symptoms can give indications if you have the condition, it wouldn’t be prudent to base your judgment on them. Some health conditions such as anxiety and depression may show symptoms similar to those of ADHD.
If you suspect you have this condition, the only way to confirm is by visiting a doctor. In the meantime, you can access yourself to see if you exhibit some or all of the signs of ADHD.
There is a variety of ADHD test online that allow you to self diagnose the layup. One of the tests is an encephalographic examination, in which you can observe a shortage of energy supply. The child sits with his eyes open, performs certain activities under the instructions. And the α-alpha rhythm is absolutely dominant in the electrical activity of his brain as if the brain “sleeps” (normally it occurs at rest), and the eyes are closed. With this mechanism, the child compensates for the lack of strength supply.
Is ADHD a disability?
It is more of a disorder than a disability. However, adolescents diagnosed with severe cases of either ADHD or ADD can be eligible for disability benefits from the Supplementary Security Income (SSI).
The Equality Act 2010 stipulates that if you are an employed adult with the diagnosis, you can be considered disabled if the condition substantially affects your ability to perform normal daily activities.