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Methylphenidate hydrochloride is a member of a class of drugs known as stimulants. Its area of activity is the central nervous system of the body. Its common name is Ritalin or Concerta and it is widely used to treat ADHD, and the more recessive and less expressive form, ADD, especially in little children and adolescents. It helps to control certain nervous reactions of the human body, heading to restrained anxiety and longer attention spans. It is also used to treat acute insomnia and extreme drowsiness during the daytime and complexity in flagging at night, a rest disorder known as narcolepsy.
What is Methylphenidate
The actual chemical is methyl-phenyl-2-piperidine acetate. It is a racemic mixture of d- and l-isomers. The fine crystals are white and they have no odor. This chemical is widely soluble in all the common workroom reagents. Methylphenidate 10 mg is the most commonly administered, and it comes in 5mg and 20mg.
Benefits of Methylphenidate HCL
It is one of the most endorsed psychiatric medications for treating all makes of attention deficit disorders. These are always diagnosed at a young age, with symptoms such as impatience, varying levels of hostile behavior, over-excited reactions and inability to do things quietly, omitting assignments undone, and more. ADHD is complicated to maintain, but Methylphenidate HCL is one of the best stimulant medications for treating it. It is also used to treat these dysfunctions in adults.
Methylphenidate HCL is a strong course of treatment that characterizes itself with sessions of uncontrollable drowsiness, constant dizzy spells, loss of motor and muscle control and in very rare cases, hallucination.
This drug’s mechanism of action is also used to treat people suffering from CFS, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, a condition in which a person constantly feels exhausted with muscle pain, without having any medical issues to account for the exhaustion.
Administration of Methylphenidate/Ritalin tablets has no distinct dosage administrations. The dosage can be increased over time, dependent on the severity of the patient’s condition, which is why its administration must be closely monitored by a medical doctor. The tablets are produced in various combinations and compositions, each with a unique trade name.
For patients with ADD
Chewable Ritalin (Immediate-release) which is only ingested orally is supplied at no more than 30mg per day, can be split 12 hourly and must be taken about an hour before meals. The dosage can be offered at a slightly scantier amount for those with smooth ADD and scarcely higher for those with extreme ADHD.
For sleep disorders
Chewable Ritalin (IR) prescribed with the same dosage as it is for attention deficit disorder but varied differently for the severity of the disorder. For mild narcolepsy, not more than 15mg is competent, and for patients with acute one, not more than 60mg per day is authorized.
Methylphenidate ER dosage
This variant has a duration of action of 8 hours in the nervous system. When the quantization of ER is the same as IR, they can be administered interchangeably with the same restrictions for both ADHD and narcolepsy and not more than 60mg per day.
Methylphenidate CD vs ER
CD is applied once a day and the release of volatile components occurs in two immediate phases, while ER is administered in two or three servings per day, and some neutralization process will have to be initiated to release active components.
The tablet should be swallowed whole, washing with liquid, it can not be chewed, divided into pieces or crumbled.
Symptoms of a methylphenidate overdose include muscle twitching, severe fidgeting, visceral cramping, fancies, extremely aggressive behavior, quick fever, nausea, and shivering. If any of these symptoms arise, an ambulance should be called immediately. The patient should not drive and should park immediately if already in the course of driving. Paramedics will most likely use a tube to suck out the contents of the stomach and administer reversal medication.
Prolonged use of Methylphenid can cause the nervous system to become acutely dependent on it, which becomes an unhealthy addiction. Withdrawal from Ritalin has the following prevalent symptoms:
- Threatening behavior
- Muscle heaviness
- Recurring attention loss
Some unfortunate side effects which may be experienced by patients in the course of using it include:
- High BP
- Pain in the ribs and abdomen
- Heavy perspiration
- Dizzy spells
These side effects of methylphenidate occur differently and with varying degrees of intensity.
How and Where to buy Methylphenidate HCL
Patients must not prescribe Methylphenidate high for their own use. The prescription must be issued and by a medical doctor, with his own specific quantization included. To buy this medicine, the patient must sure to bestow the prescription to the drug dispenser.
This ADD drug must be purchased at trusted pharmacies or at hospitals.
This drug must not be consumed with blood thinners, pressure-reducing, and drugs used to control seizures. Pregnant women should avoid it wholly.
Methylphenidate may cause paraequilibrium, staggers, drowsiness and vision impairment, including difficulty with accommodation, diplopia, and blurred vision. All this can sway the ability to drive a car or work with mechanisms.
The medication must be very carefully administered. Addiction occurs at an alarmingly easy rate. The user becomes extremely addicted and highly dependent on this pill and may become erratically disposed on so many different levels. If the patient is already addicted, admission into the hospital or rehabilitation facility is the most important course of action, to closely monitor the patient, as suicidal and psychopathic depression may occur. Withdrawal from may lead to the surfacing of other medical issues, and therefore the patient has to be under 24-hour surveillance. Any drug test gives a positive result.