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Mood disorder definition is defined by a constant change in mood. Just 60 seconds ago, the man was at the peak of joy and bliss, and now he is in deep depression, and can’t get rid of it without the help of others. Usually, a person in this state badly controls himself in an area he or she is currently engaged in. Then the depression again shifts to the euphoria, and these alterations occur systematically and depend on the state of each patient. Below are listed a description of the definition of psychological disorder psychology.
Moreover, and in western countries, up to 90% of sufferers recognize that the state has cast a long shadow on professional careers and family life. This is primarily due to the fact that surrounding people can not or do not want to coexist with manic-depressed moody patients. And it is unlikely that anyone can reproach it, especially since very often the disease is accompanied by a predisposition to suicide and various sorts of pathological dependence as gambling, alcohol, drugs, and so on.
List of mood disorders
Depending on the severeness of symptoms, psychology distinguishes three types:
- depressive affective disorder;
- bipolar affective disorder (this is endogenous mental illness, manifested by emotional dysfunction);
- cyclothymia (a state of chronic instability of the mood with a large number of episodes of mild depression and mild elevation).
Causes of mood disorders
According to psychiatrists, between one and three percent of the adult population suffers from various classes of mood disorders. Unfortunately, today, scientists have not established the exact cause of the adjustment disorder with depressed mood. The most common among psychiatrists is the theory of uncontrolled hormonal background of brain cells, which causes mood swings. Often the diagnosis is determined in the age of 15-30 years. Scientists do not exclude hereditary predisposition to this disease, although they assure that genetics is not the only risk factor.
Some of the causes are:
1. Genetic causes
2. Biochemical (violation of the activity of the exchange of neurotransmitters, their number decreases with depression (serotonin) and increases with mania, the deficiency is observed in the depression cycle).
3. Neuroendocrine (violation of the functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary, limbic system and epiphysis).
4. Stress (death of a loved one, loss of work, social contacts).
Mood disorder symptoms
The leading hints of depressive disorders are persistent mood oppression, a pessimistic tint of thinking, a decrease in overall activity. Earlier to the indicated symptoms were counted also stable unmotivated anxiety, but in modern classifications, it is considered separately. Manic conditions are predominantly characterized by inadequate mood elevation or irritation, hyperactivity, accelerated thinking with ideas of revaluation of own significance. Mood disorder symptoms list:
- Melancholy (sorrow, anxiety, mental oppression, a pessimistic view of life).
- Difficulty or slowness of mental acts.
- Depressive state: a feeling of hopelessness, the futility of life.
- Increased anxiety, obsessive, manic ideas.
- Frequent mood swifts.
- Lush ideas.
- Induced thinking.
- Indifference to the surrounding environment.
- Unreasonable movements.
- Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder
A new pathology has been introduced that is imperceptibly different from the mood disorder for children and teenagers under the age of 18, that was given a name disruptive mood dysregulation disorder. Exhibited in case of prolonged (during the year minimum), daily changed behavior of the child – rage, mood swings, uncontrolled outbreaks of irritability, difficulties in socialization. The main symptoms of DMDD that distinguish it from other mental states include:
- strong hysterics manifested in shouts, aggression to people around or to things in the room;
- temper tantrum, not inherent in the child’s age, occurring approximately three or more times a week;
- irritability and anger;
- nerve storm occurs in different environments.
Such a violation arise in the child and at home, at school and in the store, regardless of who the adults are next.
Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder treatment
Helping children with DMDD may involve psychotherapy or behavioral interventions, medications, or a combination of both. Not drug treatment should be medicated first. However, sometimes drugs that include antidepressants, stimulants, and atypical antipsychotic drugs are used. There are different approaches that are commonly used for various mental health problems for children.
Mood disorder questionnaire
Here is a brief mood disorder definition test to check out the main symptoms of the disease:
- From time to time you undergo abrupt changes in mood/energy levels.
- During the day, you feel a tide of energy, then full apathy.
- Friends and folks consider your behavior to be strange and unpredictable.
- You often shout and quarrel.
- You can easily distract from the task, and then it’s difficult for you to concentrate.
- You’re risky (e.g. drive faster, drink lots, play casino).
- You feel sexual vigor.
If most of the test answers of mood disorder test are affirmative, this signals that it’s the right moment to visit the doctor.
Mood disorder treatment
According to physicians, those patients who started treatment at an early stage, and also combine substance intake with rehabilitation, have the best chances of a complete recovery at least remission. Early diagnosis is a serious problem, and its solution requires state assistance for registration in the psychoneurological dispensary.
The therapy is very long and complex. Medications for mood disorder are prescribed by a physician-psychotherapist, bearing in mind the results of diagnosis and individual symptoms of the disease. Drug treatment (for example, antidepressants) is usually combined with psychotherapy (cognitive, family and group therapy). Lisdexamfetamine, sulbutiamine, centrophenoxine, and Adderall are one of the most effective medicine to treat the state.
An equally important tool for nursing is the support of the patient. Long-term concrete communication with a psychotherapist, friends’ aid and relatives, personal setting for a positive outcome, all these factors can help completely cure.